This work is in the public domain in Russia according to article 6 of Law No. 231-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006; the Implementation Act for Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Usually: 1. The author of this work died before January 1, 1943 and did not work during the Great Patriotic War or did not participate in it. 2. This work was originally published anonymously or under the pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 50 years after publication. 3. This work is shot from non-amateur cinema or television film or television broadcast, which was first shown more than 70 years ago (before January 1, 1943).